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Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) is a Japanese artist and illustrator, a master of ukio-e (a kind of Japanese engraving, the main theme of which are people and landscapes). One of the most famous artists of modern-day Japanese art. During his life Hokusai used at least thirty pseudonyms. In the West, he is known first of all as a picture under the wave of the Kanagavsky Sea. At the age of 18, Hokusai enrolled in the school of Katsukawi Shyuns (1726-1792), a famous master of ukio-e, who became famous for portraits of kabuki actors. During this period, Hokusai works hard on illustrating books. The richness of the plots of these publications required the artist to portray household scenes devoted to the lives of townspeople, and to create drawings from the history of Japan and China. In 1791, Hokusai was invited to make several engravings for the famous publisher Tsutaya Judzaburo. In 1836, the artist returned to Edo, when the city was defeated by the local poor, and he had to earn money for selling his own paintings. In 1839 a fire occurred in the studio of Hokusai, which destroyed all the sketches and working materials. Hokusai died in poverty, surrounded by his disciples. The artist was buried in the Seychelles monastery in Edo.